News / Maersk targets frustrated shippers, offering ‘no rolled cargo’ service

first_img Supply chain disruption due to the increasing habit of carriers ‘rolling’ booked containers to a later vessel, is arguably the biggest challenge facing ocean freight logistics coordinators. In response to industry criticism, Maersk today launched an online product dubbed Maersk Spot, which it claims guarantees cargo booked for a certain vessel will be loaded on that ship, and thus achieve the right ETA at destination. “With Maersk Spot, we provide full visibility of the price and terms that will ensure that cargoes get on board,” promised Silvia Ding, global head of ocean products at Maersk. “It is not uncommon to see overbookings to the tune of 30%, and often this leads to rolling of customers’ cargo,” said Ms Ding. “This creates a lot of uncertainty for our customers.” Carriers often complain to The Loadstar about the volatility of volumes from contracted clients and, from time to time, threaten to penalise the worst offenders. In practice, however, the bigger the customer, the more likely it is to get its ‘overbooked’ cargo shipped on nominated sailings, and this normally comes at the expense of the carriers’ smaller shippers who must suffer the potential commercial damage from a break in their supply chain. Maersk says when a booking is made through the Maersk Spot platform, it “commits to load and grants certainty in operational execution”.  But adds that if the booking is cancelled, “fees apply at the customer’s charge” – and if the cargo is rolled, “Maersk compensates the customer”. The carrier did not specify the amount of the cancellation fee or compensation. Maersk already offers compensation to its very large forwarding customers for rolled containers, but as far as The Loadstar is aware, it has not succeeded in obtaining ‘dead freight’ for booking shortfalls. One UK 3PL The Loadstar spoke to this morning described Maersk Spot as “a niche product that will be expensive”. “I can’t see this getting much traction in our sector,” he said, “but I could imagine very small shippers, that are dealing in-house with their logistics, finding it a bit of an insurance policy to protect their supply chain.” But Maersk has provided a product endorsement from a customer using Maersk Spot to ship 120-200 containers a week from Kattupalli port, north of Chennai, to Colombo, Sri Lanka, suggesting its target market might run across the full spectrum of shippers. “With Maersk Spot, we no longer have the uncertainty of not knowing if we can actually provide our customers with their shipments,” said Ramakrishnan Vivekanandan, general marketing manager of Ramco Cements. Maersk claims the product has so far seen more than 3,000 unique customers each week, with more than 100,000 teu booked in the second quarter already. Maersk Spot is available on all of the carrier’s tradelanes, with the exception of the US. The carrier said the product currently being trailed on a beta site will be available on from the beginning of August. By Mike Wackett 25/06/2019 Picture: Stephen Wallerlast_img read more

News / Air Canada plans a dedicated freighter fleet to expand cargo business

first_imgWhile ‘preighters’ have played an important role in moving cargo and will likely be needed to move the Covid-19 vaccine, operators have pointed out that the operating economics are not very impressive. Avianca suspended the use of passenger aircraft flights for cargo missions once yields retreated from their plateau reached in April/May.However, as the prospect of passenger numbers returning to pre-pandemic levels recedes, AC’s management finds itself with parked aircraft that can perform better than ‘preighters’: the airline has a fleet of 30 767-300ERs that are idle at this point.“They’ve been parked, so why not convert them and operate them as freighters?’ Mr Cerone said.In the second quarter, AC cargo revenue exceeded that from the passenger business for the first time, and in the third quarter, reached C$216m (US$166.2m), up 22% year on year, while overall revenues were down 86%, resulting in a C$685m loss.Announcing the Q3 results, CEO Calin Rovinescu, who will step down at the end of the year, unveiled the plans for freighter operations, adding: “Cargo will become an increasingly important part of our business as we plan to expand to dedicated freighter business.”With belly capacity and passenger revenue expected to take two to three years to recover, the contribution from cargo will remain disproportionately high for some time, but the freighter strategy is aiming beyond the near term, said Mr Cerone.Canada is not a strong origin-and-destination market that needs freighters (although Canadian forwarders have lamented lack of main deck lift), but AC’s global network, which has grown significantly in recent years, makes all-cargo planes viable, he said.Management has not yet determined specific routes for freighter flights, but they would not differ dramatically from the freighter venture AC had with all-cargo airline Cargojet until the end of 2017, when Cargojet operated 767F flights to Frankfurt, Colombia and Peru with the lift marketed by AC.Demand to link Latin America with Europe and Asia have been strong, making this a promising arena for a freighter venture, Mr Cerone said.Opposition from AC’s pilots was cited as one reason for the termination of the AC-Cargojet venture and to meet its new freighter ambitions, the airline requires the blessing of its pilot union. But Mr Cerone does not anticipate any serious conflict.“This is different from the situation with Cargojet,” he said. “I don’t see this as a big hurdle.”AC intends to start the freighter operation with two 767s. Down the road, this could rise to about to six planes, Mr Cerone reckons.Assuming that the road to take-off is smooth, he hopes this can become established before the fourth quarter of next year. By Ian Putzger, Americas correspondent 13/11/2020 © Think Design Managecenter_img Air Canada (AC) was the first airline to remove seats and deploy passenger aircraft as freighters back in April, when Covid-19 lockdowns grounded fleets.Now the airline is preparing to turn 767s into permanent freighters to establish main deck capacity as a long-term strategic plank in its operation.AC has been a prolific user of ‘preighters’: since the spring it has been operating three B777-300s and four A330-300s without seats for cargo missions, and clocked up more than 3,000 such flights. During the fourth quarter, it plans about 100 cargo flights a week.Vito Cerone, MD cargo sales and commercial strategy, said the cargo division could deploy more passenger planes for cargo missions if required, but the airline had no intention of taking seats out of more passenger aircraft.last_img read more

It worked in biotech. But can this trade group turn Boston into a hub for digital health?

first_img Megan Thielking Bob Coughlin (right) and Kendalle Burlin O’Connell (center) of MassBio with Kyle Keeney, CEO of Kentucky Life Sciences Council, in 2017. Courtesy MassBio Daily reporting and analysis The most comprehensive industry coverage from a powerhouse team of reporters Subscriber-only newsletters Daily newsletters to brief you on the most important industry news of the day STAT+ Conversations Weekly opportunities to engage with our reporters and leading industry experts in live video conversations Exclusive industry events Premium access to subscriber-only networking events around the country The best reporters in the industry The most trusted and well-connected newsroom in the health care industry And much more Exclusive interviews with industry leaders, profiles, and premium tools, like our CRISPR Trackr. @meggophone By Megan Thielking Sept. 4, 2019 Reprints News Editor Log In | Learn More Health Tech STAT+ is STAT’s premium subscription service for in-depth biotech, pharma, policy, and life science coverage and analysis. Our award-winning team covers news on Wall Street, policy developments in Washington, early science breakthroughs and clinical trial results, and health care disruption in Silicon Valley and beyond. It worked in biotech. But can this trade group turn Boston into a hub for digital health? center_img What is it? Boston is the biotech industry’s home base. But in digital health, the city hasn’t kept up with the competition.MassBio wants to change that. The state’s trade group is launching a series of new efforts to make the Bay State a leader in digital health. Earlier this year, the company released a report looking at how digital health could change the life sciences industry in Massachusetts. Next week, the group is hosting its first dedicated event centered around digital health. And next year, MassBio will add a digital health track to its mentoring program for budding entrepreneurs. Unlock this article by subscribing to STAT+ and enjoy your first 30 days free! GET STARTED What’s included? GET STARTED About the Author Reprints [email protected] Tags Bostonmedical technologySTAT+last_img read more

Pharmalittle: Trump gives states a tool to lower drug costs, with a catch; ICER updates how it assesses drugs

first_img Unlock this article — plus daily coverage and analysis of the pharma industry — by subscribing to STAT+. First 30 days free. GET STARTED STAT+ is STAT’s premium subscription service for in-depth biotech, pharma, policy, and life science coverage and analysis. Our award-winning team covers news on Wall Street, policy developments in Washington, early science breakthroughs and clinical trial results, and health care disruption in Silicon Valley and beyond. Tags pharmalittleSTAT+ @Pharmalot And so, another working week will soon draw to a close. Not a moment too soon, yes? This is, you may recall, our treasured signal to daydream about weekend plans. Our agenda is rather modest. We plan to catch up on paperwork, pamper the official mascot, and attend an unusual recital (more on that some other time). And what about you? This may be an opportunity to get organized for tax season, take in a moving picture, or make time for someone special. Well, whatever you do, have a grand time. But be safe. Enjoy, and see you soon.The Trump administration unveiled a powerful new tool for states to rein in prescription drug spending, but there’s a catch: States can wield their newfound power only if they accept a cap on the federal funding for their Medicaid program, STAT reports. The tool would effectively help states negotiate lower prices directly with drug makers by denying coverage for certain drugs. Right now, unlike private insurers and some other federal providers, Medicaid programs must cover every drug, which states say hampers their ability to get the best deals. What is it? Log In | Learn More GET STARTED By Ed Silverman Jan. 31, 2020 Reprints Alex Hogan/STATcenter_img Daily reporting and analysis The most comprehensive industry coverage from a powerhouse team of reporters Subscriber-only newsletters Daily newsletters to brief you on the most important industry news of the day STAT+ Conversations Weekly opportunities to engage with our reporters and leading industry experts in live video conversations Exclusive industry events Premium access to subscriber-only networking events around the country The best reporters in the industry The most trusted and well-connected newsroom in the health care industry And much more Exclusive interviews with industry leaders, profiles, and premium tools, like our CRISPR Trackr. Pharmalot Columnist, Senior Writer Ed covers the pharmaceutical industry. About the Author Reprints Pharmalot What’s included? [email protected] Pharmalittle: Trump gives states a tool to lower drug costs, with a catch; ICER updates how it assesses drugs Ed Silvermanlast_img read more

Working from home could extend past the pandemic, experts say

first_imgAdvertisementTags: flordawork from home AdvertisementShe’s the President and CMO of Conric PR and Marketing based in Fort Myers. Last year, she switched her company fully remote before the pandemic.“By January, almost everyone had already been set up by their home. By March 1, we closed down that office and had everyone working from home, two weeks before the news of the pandemic … we didn’t have a crystal ball,” she said.As Conric PR and Marketing kept growing, so did the need for more space. Ramos-Williams was looking at moving into a 6600 sq. ft. building in 2019 butdecided against it. She didn’t have a crystal ball, just a gut feeling that told her to ditch the traditional office. RELATEDTOPICS Work-from-home moms often strain to balance caregiving & employment, experts say February 21, 2021 “We have not looked back a single day since,” she said. Conric PR and Marketing is a small company of 18 employees — 12 are full-time.Ramos-Williams said she and her staff still see each other every day, just througha screen.“We talk to each other, we laugh, we work on deadlines … I would say communication could be the biggest challenge if you didn’t stay on top of it,” she said. She said her team has communicated to her that they love working remote.“Even one or two that were a little skeptical,” she said.Ramos-Williams’ team isn’t not alone. Turns out Floridians are especially happy working from home.Lifestyle website surveyed 3500 Americans. People in Florida rated their work from home experience an 8 out of 10 which is higher than the 6.6 national average.“When we have work from home we’re spending less time commuting and more time being able to take a walk during our break at work,” said Assistant Professor at Florida Gulf Coast University Joseph Liu. He studies psychology in the workplace.Potential impacts of continuing to work from homeLiu said before you try to convince your boss to let you work from home for good, ask yourself some questions.“Is it because this is more convenient for me? But what are also the implications of my long term career? Especially when it becomes more normative to go back to work,” Liu said.If you stay home but your coworkers go back to the office, Liu said it could impact how your colleagues and your boss views you. He explained workers who are the first one in and last one to leave tend to get better evaluations from their managers, even if they’re not actually working the hardest.“Work from home employees are going to suffer from this bias, this subjectivity that people who work from home aren’t really working,” he said. While flexibility is an added benefit for Ramos-Williams and her team, Liu said the downside is discipline to do your work without a manager looking over your shoulder.“Have you shown your boss you have the ability to do this competently? That would be the first step in convincing someone to let you do this for a longerperiod of time,” Liu said. Working at home also requires employees to use their own desk equipment, electric coffee, toilet paper — things normally used in the office which employees are not being compensated for at home. “You can get compensated for anything if you ask. Whether organizations would be amenable to that? I would doubt it,” Liu said.A big incentive for your employer to let you stay home is to cut down on expenses like those, just like you’d be saving money by cutting your commute.Liu said he doesn’t see the majority of companies changing as drastic as Conric PR and Marketing.“There will be of course more work-from-home comparative before the pandemic. I’m not sure it’s going to be a complete brave new world that we’re entering. At least yet,” Liu said.Conric PR and Marketing still has two small offices in Fort Myers and Naples, in case an in-person meeting is ever needed. But Ramos-Williams said if acompany can be flexible and adapt, this is the time to do it.“A community is only as strong as the businesses that are there,” she said.NCB2 reached out to Chicos, Gartner and Hertz to see if they’d be making any permanent changes to its work-from-home workforce. They did not respond to a request for comment. AdvertisementRecommended ArticlesBrie Larson Reportedly Replacing Robert Downey Jr. As The Face Of The MCURead more81 commentsGal Gadot Reportedly Being Recast As Wonder Woman For The FlashRead more29 commentscenter_img FORT MYERS, Fla. – When people made the switch to work from home last year, it was abrupt. Employers and employees had to adjust on the fly.Nearly one year since the virus changed lives, some people don’t want working from home to end when the pandemic does. Now some companies are changing the way they operate for good.Floridians: Happy at homeConnie Ramos-Williams knows the work-from-home life well. She said one of the biggest benefits is flexibility.“I would say the flexibility of being able to be there at home, not having to fight traffic to come in the office and go home at the end of the day. Productivity is definitely better,” Ramos-Williams said. AdvertisementDC Young Fly knocks out heckler (video) – Rolling OutRead more6 comments’Mortal Kombat’ Exceeded Expectations Says WarnerMedia ExecutiveRead more2 commentsDo You Remember Bob’s Big Boy?Read more1 commentsKISS Front Man Paul Stanley Reveals This Is The End Of KISS As A Touring Band, For RealRead more1 comments Advertisement Advertisementlast_img read more

Portlaoise’s newest shop sells €1 million winning lotto ticket

first_img WhatsApp RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR WhatsApp Twitter Pinterest By Steven Miller – 14th July 2020 Twitter News Pinterest Home News Community Portlaoise’s newest shop sells €1 million winning lotto ticket NewsCommunity TAGSLottoMcSorley’s Centra Previous articleNumber of Coronavirus cases in Laois hold relatively steadyNext articleLaois dairy farmer to feature on Irish Grassland Association online event Steven Millerhttp://www.laoistoday.ieSteven Miller is owner and managing editor of From Laois, Steven studied Journalism in DCU and has 14 years experience in the media, almost 10 of those in an editorial role. Husband of Emily, father of William and Lillian, he’s happiest when he’s telling stories or kicking a point.center_img Electric Picnic Less than two weeks after opening, McSorley’s Centra on the Mountrath Road in Portlaoise has sold a €1 million winning lotto ticket.The ticket was sold for last Saturday’s Lotto Plus 1 draw and claimed the €1 million prize.McSorley’s Centra was originally based on the Mountmellick Road in Portlaoise before it relocated to the site of the old Lewis Opel garage on the Mountrath Road.It was due to open earlier this year but due to the Coronavirus restriction, it was delayed until July 1.“As a retailer, the next best thing to winning the Lotto is to sell a winning ticket to one of your customers,” said owner Martin McSorley. Portlaoise’s newest shop sells €1 million winning lotto ticket Facebook Bizarre situation as Ben Brennan breaks up Fianna Fáil-Fine Gael arrangement to take Graiguecullen-Portarlington vice-chair role Facebook Electric Picnic Laois Councillor ‘amazed’ at Electric Picnic decision to apply for later date for 2021 festival “Some retailers could wait years to sell a life-changing Lotto jackpot prize so to do it within a matter of days is very special for everybody involved in the shop.“As a brand new local business, we don’t have regular customers at the moment so somebody came into our store last Saturday to probably suss us out for the first time. It’s just mad to think that they essentially left the store as a millionaire.“We are truly delighted for them, whoever they are and I hope that they continue to keep shopping with us for many years to come,” he laughed.Originally from Tubberycurry in Sligo, Martin McSorley explained that the opening of his store was fraught with difficulties due to the on-going public health emergency but said that all of the hard work which was endured has more than been made up for with his maiden Lotto win.“The win really is vindication in our decision to open the store. We were originally due to open the doors last February and then Covid-19 hit and it threw our plans right out the window.“Following a lot of difficult decisions and very hard work, we managed to pull together and get the store open on the 1st July. We now have 14 local people employed in the store and we hope that we become an integral part of the local community for many years to come,” he added.A statement from the National Lottery said they have still to hear from the newest Laois millionaire.“We have yet to hear from this lucky Laois winner so we’re asking all our Lotto players who bought a ticket for Saturday’s draw in McSorley’s Centre store to check their tickets very carefully.“If you do happen to be this lucky winner, be sure to sign the back of the ticket and contact our prize claims team on 1800 666 222 or email [email protected] and we will make arrangements to get your prize.”The winning numbers from Saturday night’s Lotto Plus 1 draw were: 04, 23, 32, 33, 38, 46 and the bonus number was 21.The Laois Lotto player incredibly becomes the 13th Lotto millionaire of 2020. Overall this year, the National Lottery has made 18 brand new millionaires through the Lotto, EuroMillions and Daily Million games.SEE ALSO – Peavoy Financial Planning: Peace of mind for the family Electric Picnic organisers release statement following confirmation of new festival datelast_img read more

Prices of Cheaper Fertiliser Blends Will be Monitored – Dr. Tufton

first_imgRelatedPrices of Cheaper Fertiliser Blends Will be Monitored – Dr. Tufton FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail Minister of Agriculture, Dr. Christopher Tufton, has informed that the Consumer Affairs Commission and the Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA), will be monitoring selected retailers to ensure that the prices on the cheaper fertiliser blends, which arrived in the island last week, are kept at the agreed levels.“The intention is not to implement price control, we will however continue to monitor and we will use the media through advertising promotion, to highlight the participating locations in each parish so that farmers will know exactly where they need to go in order to get the prices as announced,” Dr. Tufton said, during a statement to the House of Representatives yesterday (Oct. 28).The following distributors and farmers’ associations are participating in the fertiliser importation programme: Jamaica Cane Growers Association; Banana Industry Board; Coconut Industry Board; Jamaica Agricultural Society and the Jamaica Livestock Association.Dr. Tufton informed that each 50 pound bag of fertiliser will retail for less than $1,500 per bag.“When compared with the current market price for an equivalent blend of a 50kg bag, the cost to the Jamaican farmer will be less than $3,500 at the retail store. This is a 30 to 50 per cent reduction on existing retail price,” the Agriculture Minister said.In terms of quality, Dr. Tufton said an independent lab was engaged to test the fertiliser and confirmed that the product is authentic and does not contain any contaminants. He noted that farmers should be comfortable that “this is ‘A’ grade premium quality fertiliser.”The first shipment of 500 tonnes of fertiliser arrived in the island on Friday October 24 from the United States, as part of the Government’s move to source cheaper fertiliser for farmers.Meanwhile, Dr. Tufton said the Government has taken note of the reduction in fertiliser prices with effect from October 21, by the local producer, New Port Fersan.“We commend them for that move and encourage them to find more efficient ways of providing the product to farmers. The Government will continue to collaborate with the domestic producer in an effort to seek the best possible prices for Jamaica’s farmers,” the Minister of Agriculture said.He also said that at the same time the Government will continue to explore creative and proactive policy interventions, to ensure the viability and sustainability of the agricultural sector. Prices of Cheaper Fertiliser Blends Will be Monitored – Dr. Tufton UncategorizedOctober 30, 2008 RelatedPrices of Cheaper Fertiliser Blends Will be Monitored – Dr. Tuftoncenter_img RelatedPrices of Cheaper Fertiliser Blends Will be Monitored – Dr. Tufton Advertisementslast_img read more

Message from Minister of Health – National Nursing Week: May 10-16, 2021

first_imgMessage from Minister of Health – National Nursing Week: May 10-16, 2021 From: Health CanadaMay 10 to 16 is National Nursing Week and this year’s theme – “We Answer the Call” -reminds us of nurses’ courage and commitment.Nurses are the backbone of Canada’s healthcare system. They have helped us through every aspect of this pandemic: from the emergency room to the ICU, from vaccination clinics to public health units, from long-term care to mental health services. Every Canadian has been able to benefit from their knowledge, skills and care-and many of us owe them our lives.May 10 to 16 is National Nursing Week and this year’s theme-“We Answer the Call”-reminds us of the courage and commitment shown by nurses. Whether you are a new member of this noble profession or you have come out of retirement to help during the pandemic, your contributions to Canada and Canadians are felt, and appreciated. /Public Release. This material comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. View in full here. Why?Well, unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests. We don’t put up a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest. Media ownership in Australia is one of the most concentrated in the world (Learn more). Since the trend of consolidation is and has historically been upward, fewer and fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media in our country. According to independent assessment, about 98% of the media sector is held by three conglomerates. This tendency is not only totally unacceptable, but also to a degree frightening). Learn more hereWe endeavour to provide the community with real-time access to true unfiltered news firsthand from primary sources. It is a bumpy road with all sorties of difficulties. We can only achieve this goal together. Our website is open to any citizen journalists and organizations who want to contribute, publish high-quality insights or send media releases to improve public access to impartial information. You and we have the right to know, learn, read, hear what and how we deem appropriate.Your support is greatly appreciated. All donations are kept completely private and confidential.Thank you in advance!Tags:Canada, Emergency, Government, health, health services, healthcare, mental, mental health, Minister, nursing, pandemic, public health, retirement, vaccinationlast_img read more

History Is Unlocked Behind The Gates Of CU-Boulder

first_imgShare Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-mail Historic Boulder, Inc., is hosting a series of walking tours at CU-Boulder through Sept. 12 in an effort to reveal campus history to the public. The route includes campus notables such as Macky Auditorium, Norlin Library, Old Main and the University Memorial Center. The tours offer a scenic interpretive walk across Varsity Lake Bridge on the northwest corner of campus, a taste of Shakespeare at the Mary Rippon Outdoor Theater, visits to the Women’s Cottage and Temporary Building No. 1, and an informative stop at Sewall Hall’s famous Lions Fountain. The walking tours are designed not only to provide the public with a pleasurable outing, but to inform people of the rich history and architecture of the campus. Visitors who take part in the tours will learn that the Gates Woodruff Women’s Studies Cottage was built in 1885 as the first women’s dormitory on campus and has many connections to women’s history in Boulder. After this year’s $1 million dollar renovation, the Cottage will house the Women’s Studies Program. Historic Boulder, Inc., is dedicated to the preservation of the Boulder area’s historical, architectural, visual and environmental heritage through advocacy, education, intervention and alliance building. The organization offers other walking tours throughout Boulder. The entire tour takes about an hour and 45 minutes. It meets on the second Friday of each month at 1 p.m. on the third floor of Old Main in the Heritage Center. The cost is $6 per person, which includes a tour and guide booklet. For more information, call Historic Boulder, Inc., at (303) 444-5192. Published: Aug. 12, 1997 last_img read more

Researchers Solve Century-Old Earthquake Mystery In India

first_img Published: April 10, 2001 The mystery of what caused a great earthquake in northeast India in 1897 that killed several thousand people and reduced all masonry buildings to rubble in a region roughly the size of England finally appears to have been solved. University of Colorado at Boulder Professor Roger Bilham and Oxford University Professor Philip England believe the Assam earthquake most likely was caused by two adjacent faults rupturing beneath the Earth’s surface in India near Bangladesh. Estimated to be an 8.1 magnitude quake, the extremely violent event caused part of the overlying Shillong Plateau to shoot up nearly 50 feet in just three seconds. “We think we have solved a mystery that has puzzled scientists for over a century,” said Bilham, who is a fellow at CU-Boulder’s Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences. “Before this, nobody really knew what happened.” The new analysis indicates “the acceleration from the epicenter of the earthquake some 10 miles deep exceeded that of gravity, causing boulders, tombstones and even people to be tossed into the air,” he said. “Our findings represent the first quantitative observation of active deformation of a ‘pop-up’ structure, and confirms that faults bounding such structures can penetrate the whole crust,” the researchers wrote. A paper on the subject by Bilham and England will appear in the April 12 issue of Nature. The blind-thrust Assam earthquake was similar to the earthquake that devastated Bhuj, India, at the opposite end of the continent on Jan. 26, killing an estimated 25,000 people, Bilham said. Most scientists previously believed the Assam earthquake was caused by a rupture on a Himalayan thrust fault that dipped to the north and propagated south of Bhutan, a small kingdom between India and China. But historical triangulation measurements made during the Survey of India more than a century ago and new computer models helped Bilham and England conclude the primary fault was under the Shillong Plateau some 100 miles south of Bhutan near Bangladesh. “We ran a whole series of computer models for different faults until we found one that fit the deformation of the plateau,” said Bilham. The models also show the primary fault, dubbed the Oldham fault, is about 78 miles long, dips away from the Himalayas and lies between five to 20 miles underground. Bilham and England also inferred there must be a second fault on the south edge of the plateau that acts in concert with the Oldham fault to wedge the Shillong Plateau uniformly upward without tilting it. The Indian plate was being pushed up against the Himalayas, causing a portion of the land surface on the Shillong Plateau to pop up like a segment of a peeled orange would pop up under pressure,” he said. “We calculated the slip of the fault to be about 15 meters, one of the largest slips ever calculated for any earthquake.” An expedition led by British Captain J. Bond at the turn of the century discovered 24 feet of uplift on the Shillong Plateau while working for the Survey of India to re-measure triangulation points from an original survey of the plateau in 1862. But his superiors dismissed his results, said Bilham. In the early 20th century, well-known British geologist Richard Oldham concluded continuing movements on the plateau following the Assam event caused errors in the original data. Oldham — who later wrote a large volume describing the Assam earthquake in extraordinary detail and went on to discover the core of the Earth — recommended re-measuring the northern portion of the Shillong plateau. But the task was not undertaken until his death in 1936, according to Bilham. Bilham said the Shillong Plateau uplift in the past two million to five million years has caused the Indian plate to contract locally by about 15 inches a century, reducing the seismic risk to Bhutan but increasing it for Bangladesh, which now has a population of roughly 130 million people. “Fortunately, an earthquake as powerful as the Assam event only occurs about once every 3,000 years on the Oldham fault,” said Bilham. “They are very rare, but could be extremely devastating in this region given the huge population of people now living in Bangladesh and the poor construction practices there.” Share Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-maillast_img read more